What is Ulnar Tunnel Syndrome?


Your ulnar nerve runs along the length of your arm, starting in the neck to the shoulder, running behind the elbow, and then along your forearm and wrist on the way to the hand. It's most vulnerable to outside pressure at the elbow, where a sharp blow can produce the painful, tingling sensation we associate with our "funny bone". Along the way, the ulnar nerve passes through several narrow openings or "tunnels" where it can become compressed or pinched (entrapped) as a result of injury or repetitive motion, causing ulnar tunnel syndrome.  If you think this condition sounds a little bit like another better-known disorder called "carpal tunnel syndrome", you're right! The sensations and causes are similar, they simply relate to a different nerve.

The diagnosis and treatment of a compressed ulnar nerve depends on exactly where the nerve has become pinched. If the compression occurs along the inner edge of the elbow, the resulting disorder is called "cubital tunnel syndrome". This is the more common location, but compression of the ulnar nerve can also occur near the wrist. When it does, the resulting disorder is called "ulnar tunnel syndrome" or "Guyon's canal syndrome".

When the ulnar nerve becomes pinched in one of these areas as a result of repetitive motion and repetitive stress, a person can develop long-term symptoms ranging from mild discomfort and muscle weakness to disabling pain. Cubital tunnel syndrome tends to manifest as pain and numbness in the elbow, tingling and weakness in the ring and little fingers, decreased overall grip strength, and markedly reduced ability to pinch the thumb and little finger. Ulnar tunnel syndrome produces similar symptoms, along with a burning pain in the wrist and a "pins and needles" sensation in the ring and little fingers.

As with carpal tunnel syndrome, the symptoms associated with ulnar nerve entrapment start small, but because the compression is caused and aggravated by repetitive motion, continued repetitive motion can aggravate the condition and make it more serious. A common cause of ulnar tunnel syndrome, for example, is the pressure exerted on the hands, wrists, and forearms by avid bicyclists gripping their handlebars. Similar pressure can be exerted even in an office setting, by repetitive actions such as pushing hard against the surface of a desk with a computer mouse. Cubital tunnel syndrome is often caused by actions that put increased, repetitive pressure on the elbow, such as sleeping with the arm folded up.

Treatment varies  with the location of the nerve entrapment and the seriousness of the condition. Conservative treatment includes identifying and then stopping the activities that cause and aggravate the condition and applying ice packs to fight inflammation. Sometimes splints are worn to protect the nerve and retrain the arm into using less stressful motions. More serious cases can be treated by chiropractic adjustments. Studies have shown that chiropractic adjustments are particularly effective in the treatment of cubital tunnel syndrome.

If you think you have a pinched nerve in your neck or arm, give us a call and find out what we can do to help. 303-776-6767. Be sure to ask about our website special!